Kia Optima: Driving your vehicle / Vehicle weight

Kia Optima DL3 2019-2022 Owner's Manual / Driving your vehicle / Vehicle weight

This chapter will guide you in the proper loading of your vehicle, to keep your loaded vehicle weight within its design rating capability. Properly loading your vehicle will provide maximum return of the vehicle design performance. Before loading your vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms for determining your vehicle's weight ratings, from the vehicle's specifications and the compliance label:

Base curb weight

This is the weight of the vehicle including a full tank of fuel and all standard equipment. It does not include passengers, cargo, or optional equipment.

Vehicle curb weight

This is the weight of your new vehicle when you picked it up from your dealer plus any aftermarket equipment.

Cargo weight

This figure includes all weight added to the Base Curb Weight, including cargo and optional equipment.

GAW (Gross axle weight)

This is the total weight placed on each axle (front and rear) - including vehicle curb weight and all payload.

GAWR (Gross axle weight rating)

This is the maximum allowable weight that can be carried by a single axle (front or rear). These numbers are shown on the compliance label. The total load on each axle must never exceed its GAWR.

GVW (Gross vehicle weight)

This is the Base Curb Weight plus actual Cargo Weight plus passengers.

GVWR (Gross vehicle weight rating)

This is the maximum allowable weight of the fully loaded vehicle (including all options, equipment, passengers and cargo). The GVWR is shown on the certification label located on the driver’s door sill.

Certification label
The certification label is located on the driver's door sill at the center pillar. This label shows the maximum allowable weight of the fully loaded vehicle. This is called the GVWR (Gross Vehicle ...

What to do in an emergency
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Other information:

Kia Optima DL3 2019-2022 Service and Repair Manual: Variable Charge Motion Actuator (VCMA)


Description and operation Description • The Variable Charge Motion Actuator (VCMA) is installed on the inlet of the intake manifold. • It consists of a DC motor which actuates the VCM valve and a position sensor which detects the pos ...

Kia Optima DL3 2019-2022 Service and Repair Manual: Basic Service Symbols


General information Basic Service Symbols There are five primary symbols used to complement illustrations. These symbols indicate the part to apply such materials during service. Symbol Meaning Do not reuse the part. Replac ...

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